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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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\plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb522\sa0\tx1454 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex55\expndtw-6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 5<5{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\charscalex100\expndtw-3 AMUSEMENTS : RELIGION}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li25\fi0\ri112\sb212\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 the age. People were almost addicted to fermented \expndtw-2 drinks. On religious occasions \i Soma \i0 was the favourite \expndtw2 beverage,\super 1\nosupersub  but \i Sura, \i0 a spirit distilled from grain, was \expndtw4 the ordinary drink. The priests, however, disliked its \expndtw8 use owing to its intoxicating \\character. Sometimes \expndtw0 it led to the commission of crimes, which were by no \expndtw4 means rare then.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li40\fi0\ri0\sb220\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 (d) Amusements}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li40\fi464\ri65\sb176\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 The Rigvedic Indian did not lead a dull and drab \expndtw8 life. He was fond of merry-making and pastimes. \expndtw-1 Joyous occasions were marked by music and dancing,\super 2 \nosupersub\expndtw7 the latter often not quite innocent. The musical \expndtw4 instruments included the drum \i (dundMi\\ \i0 the cymbal, \expndtw11 the lute \i (karkan\\ \i0 and the flute. Singing may also \expndtw0 have been practised for aught we know of its later \expndtw3 development in \i Saman \i0 songs. Besides chariot-racing \expndtw0 and horse-racing, gambling with dice was the . most popular amusement. Despite the loss of fortune and \expndtw5 consequent ruin, the gambling-hall was the most \expndtw2 frequented place and offered irresistible attractions to \expndtw-2 the players.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li97\fi0\ri0\sb144\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex86\expndtw-3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Religion*}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li104\fi464\ri25\sb94\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 The religion of the \i Rigveda \i0 is essentially simple, \expndtw1 though it has many gods. This is natural, as the hymns \expndtw-1 are the product of a long period of priestly effort, and \expndtw10 represent the deities of the vaiious tribes. Most of \expndtw6 the objects of devotion are the personifications of \expndtw5 natural phenomena. They may be broadly classed as \expndtw12 (i) Terrestrial gods, like Prithvi, Soma, Agni; (2)}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li130\fi385\ri0\sb238\sa0\sl-194\slmult0\tx637 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw-2 The ninth \i tnandala. \i0 of the \i "RJgueda \i0 is devoted to a praise of the\line \i\expndtw3 Soma.   \i0 Its juice had exhilarating   effects.   All efforts   to identify\line the plant have so far not met with success.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li529\fi0\ri749\sb4\sa0\sl-194\slmult0\tx641 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw3 Both sexes indulged in this form of amusement.\line \super\charscalex93\expndtw-1 8\nosupersub  Griswold, \i "Religion of the Rjgveda.}\par }